Statistical Hypothesis Testing is the name given to a type of statistical inference that is commonly used in the frequentist school of thought.
Step 1: Derive a hypothesis that you want to test. This hypothesis is known as alternative hypothesis (or H1).
Step 2: State the null hypothesis (H0) associated with the alternative hypothesis you derived.
Step 3: Identify the relevant variables that will be used to test the hypothesis
Step 4: Choose the relevant statistical test and compute the test statistic value
Step 5: Use the test statistic value to compute the significance level of the relationship found between the relevant variables
Step 6: Use the relevant values from the statistical test to conclude whether or not there is sufficient evidence to reject the null hypothesis (and thus accept the alternative hypothesis).