PISA 2012 key findings

The PISA 2012 results overview  is here.

Some key findings are:

– Motivation positively correlates with academic performance more than socio-economic background does

– Top performing countries have a higher percentage of resilient students

– Top performing countries have high academic expectations of all their students

– Low performing countries tend to have external locus of control both in general and  especially when it comes to poor academic achievement

Motivation and resilience are the big words in the 2012 PISA report. Both motivation and resilience are components of the psychological construct called grit. American psychologist Angela Duckworth has carried out some research on grit and academic performance and her results support the PISA findings. Those who are more motivated and resilient are also the top performers.